Human Factors in Homeland Security
2022 Summer Institute

Now more than ever, powerful emotions, attitudes, and beliefs are shaping the threat landscape and behavioral response to disasters and emergencies. From concerns about active shooters and mass violence to the ongoing pandemic, heat emergencies, wildfires, storms, acts of civil unrest, and domestic extremism, the dynamic threat landscape calls for decision-makers and responders to have a comprehensive understanding of the often surprising behavior of people in crisis conditions.


The summer schedule allows Behavioral Science Applications LLC to offer some of our most popular and useful training programs in a condensed 8-week institute format. The eight one-hour classes are offered individually and as a certificate program. Just in time for the warm weather, those who register for the entire series will receive our Homeland Security Human Factors  20022 Summer Institute 'warrior-scholar' T-shirt!  For groups larger than 10, please call or email for pricing options. 


Participants can join the live instructor-led online classes each Wednesday from July 13 through August 31 at 1:00 PM (ET), or view the recorded programs at their convenience. Attendance to the live classes is not required for the certificate program.

Give yourself a strategic and tactical advantage by applying accurate behavioral assumptions in all of your emergency and security-related preparedness, response, and recovery efforts. Register for individual classes or the certificate program today or contact us for more information at info@behavioralscienceapps.com.   


Intended Audience

  • Emergency Managers

  • Security Directors

  • Law Enforcement Professionals  

  • Intelligence Analysts, Investigators, & Operators

  • EMS and Fire Personnel

  • Business Continuity Planners

  • Risk Managers

  • Health & Safety Professionals  

  • Behavioral Health Professionals

  • Anyone involved in emergency preparedness, response and recovery 



The Summer Institute classes are taught by Steve Crimando, the founder and principal of Behavioral Science Applications LLC. Steve is a 30+ year veteran emergency and disaster behavioral health professional and violence prevention expert.  He is a Certified Threat Manager (CTM) with the Association of Threat Management Professionals (ATAP), a Certified Master Trainer (CMT) with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security National Threat Evaluation and Reporting (NTER) program, and a Disaster Response Crisis Counselor (DRCC), as well as a Board Certified Expert in Traumatic Stress (BCETS).


Steve was deployed to the 9/11 and 1993 World Trade Center attacks, as well as New Jersey’s anthrax screening center and other acts of terrorism. He is a published author who is frequently called upon by the media and the courts as an expert in crisis prevention and response. He provides training and support to multinational corporations, as well as law enforcement, intelligence, military agencies, and NGOs.

All Classes are Approved for ASIS International CPE Credits


Class Descriptions & Schedule

The 2022 Summer Institute offers two training tiers: Tier One which includes important foundational classes, and Tier Two with advanced classes, so participants can continue to build their knowledge base. Participants can register for individual classes, the Tier One or Two series, or the entire 8-class institute program. All classes are provided live online each Wednesday at 1:00 PM ET and recorded for convenient on-demand viewing.  








Tier One 


Wednesday, July 13  | Foundations of Human Behavior in Disasters and Emergencies

This awareness-level program is intended for anyone involved in the various phases of emergency management, security, business continuity planning, or related disciplines. The program addresses both the emotional and behavioral responses to disasters, violent incidents, and public health emergencies, and introduces strategies for managing the individual, organizational, and community impact of crisis events.

Emergency and disaster policies, plans, and exercises must be based on what people are most likely to do in crisis conditions. An incomplete or inaccurate understanding of human behavior in critical incidents can complicate and compromise emergency response and recovery efforts. This training program is intended for decision-makers and planners who have a responsibility to understand and stay current with behavioral research as it relates to emergency management. This program introduces must-know information to help leaders form accurate behavioral assumptions to guide plans and policies, emergency response protocols, drills, and exercises. 

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Wednesday, July 20 | Human Behavior and Mass Violence

Violence is behavior, and like other behavior, insight into its causes and effects can provide actionable intelligence for everyone concerned with prevention, response, and recovery. The FBI has determined that individuals on a pathway to mass violence typically display four to five observable indicators prior to an attack. Stopping mass violence begins with understanding mass violence. 


It is important for leaders and planners to anticipate the entire life cycle of an incident of mass violence, including those involving firearms, as well as other forms such as bombings, vehicular attacks, and other weapons, such as knives.) Our model involves the application of the four phases of emergency management (i.e., mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery) to mass violence incidents. It may not be possible to stop every act of violence, but violent actors can be disrupted, distracted, or defeated at several different points along the pathway to violence.  This program will help participants prepare individuals, communities, and organizations to detect and deter, respond and recover from all forms of conventional violence.

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Wednesday, July 27 |  Behavioral Challenges of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear              Emergencies


The true tool of the terrorist is not chemical, biological, or radiological…rather, it is psychological. Terror is fear, and terrorists seek to create and manipulate levels of fear to achieve their strategic goals. The extreme lethality and disruptive effect of CBRN weapons make them highly attractive to extremist and terrorist groups, who conceive that their use will help them to achieve their strategic goals. CBRN weapons could be said to be true "terror weapons" because their psychological impact usually exceeds the extent of their physical destructiveness, however massive. 


Acts of unconventional terrorism, using chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear materials, can result in unique and complex medical and psychological consequences. Understanding these nightmarish weapons as instruments of psychological warfare, rather than weapons of mass (physical) destruction is critical to planning and executing an effective response. For leaders and decision-makers to understand and develop effective countermeasures and strategies for consequence management, it is critical that they are fully aware of the powerful and unique psychological effects of these exotic hazards. 

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Wednesday, August 3 | Human Behavior in Groups, Crowds & Mobs


Worldwide, incidents of civil unrest have doubled over the last decade. Every region of the world has experienced hundreds of civil unrest events over the last ten years. The U.S. is currently experiencing one of the most significant and prolonged periods of civil unrest, often characterized by violence and the destruction of property.

Demonstrators have experimented with a variety of new tactics and strategies--from leaf blowers to lasers, from balloons to power tools, protestors, as well as public safety authorities are deploying new strategies and tactics.   

Safety and security professionals, as well as emergency management leaders and first responders of all types, benefit from knowledge and understanding of the causes, warning signs, and behavioral dynamics of groups, crowds, and mobs that are associated with violent and destructive behavior. Such an understanding better prepares decision-makers and responders for the challenges associated with the use of new and dangerous tactics, social media (Twitter, Facebook, etc.), and globalization as they relate to the development of crisis situations and the potential of dangerous and violent collective behavior. Even civil unrest taking place in nearby communities can be highly disruptive to all types of business operations and pose a risk to employers and employees alike. This updated program provides timely, actionable information to better help leaders and responders protect their organizations’ personnel and assets when responding to potential group, crowd, or mob situations.


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Tier Two 

Wednesday, August 10 | Key Concepts in Behavioral Threat Assessment & Management (BTAM)


According to the FBI, threat assessment is a systematic, fact-based method of investigation and examination that blends the collection and analysis of multiple sources of information with published research and practitioner experience, focusing on an individual’s patterns of thinking and behavior to determine whether, and to what extent, a person of concern is moving toward an attack. A threat assessment is not a final product, but the beginning of the management process.

Learn the core components of threat assessment, what constitutes a threat,  warning signs of violence, situational risk factors, risk factors for the mentally ill, protective factors, and principles of risk assessment and threat management to help your organization develop an effective threat assessment process and/or team.



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Wednesday, August 17 | From "Shots Fired!" to "Shooter Down!" - Holistic Active Assailant Incident Planning 


Every organization and community is vulnerable to violence, regardless of size or type. There is no type of organization or geographic location immune from this risk. The Active Assailant threat is a dynamic, multifaceted problem that requires a multidimensional approach to prevention, response, and recovery. Case studies have indicated that shooters often begin planning and preparing for an attack weeks, months, and sometimes years in advance. The post-incident consequences for individuals, families, communities, and organizations can last for decades. 

To mitigate this risk, it is important to understand the dynamics of the violent event, plan for the full cycle of the event, and prepare those at risk with the necessary information and skills. Understanding and planning for the entire incident cycle is the approach discussed in this program, and is referred to as "Comprehensive Active Shooter Incident Management." 


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Wednesday, August 24 | Managing the Behavioral Challenges of Climate Change


Climate change is very much a cause of concern for organizational, national, and international security. Rising global temperatures play a part in social tensions boiling over in the community and the workplace. Climate anxiety is defined as a “heightened emotional, mental or somatic distress in response to dangerous changes in climate change is causing distress, anger, and other negative emotions in people worldwide.” This “eco-anxiety” has a negative impact on people's daily lives, partly caused by the feeling that not enough is being done to avoid a climate catastrophe.

Climate change is now a real influence on people’s mental health and behavior.  Climate anxiety is a chronic fear of environmental doom, ranging from mild stress to clinical disorders like depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and suicide. It is can result in maladaptive coping strategies such as violence and substance misuse. Climate anxiety can lead to symptoms such as panic attacks, loss of appetite, irritability, weakness, and sleeplessness, which can affect job performance, as well as lead to the formation of grievances that may set someone along the pathway to violence.

Across all disciplines concerned with safety and security, an awareness of climate anxiety and the potential behavioral consequences will be necessary to effectively navigate an increasingly complex and dynamic threat landscape. Stay ahead of the curve by learning about the connection between climate change, human behavior, security, and emergency management.


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Wednesday, August 31 | Advanced Skills for De-escalating Hostile Encounters


A recent report from the American Psychological Association indicates that adults in the U.S. are experiencing more stress than any other time in the 15 years of this ongoing survey. The combined effects of the lingering pandemic, inflation, gas and oil prices, increased incidents of mass violence, in addition to the invasion of Ukraine, and renewed nuclear fears, all have people on edge. There have been countless reports of air rage, and people being assaulted in supermarkets, school board meetings, and even on the streets.  

 The increase in reported violence and hate incidents and crimes ranging from verbal attacks to fatal assaults is leaving many afraid for their families and their own personal safety. It is important at times like these that everyone knows how to handle difficult or dangerous encounters to keep themselves and others safe. Safety, security and emergency management professionals have an even greater need for strategies and skills for defusing hostile and dangerous situations. This program will dig into the science of de-escalation and introduce actional steps to safely managing hostility and aggression.

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Program Fees

The fee for individual classes is $75.00 (USD). Each four class tier is $300,00, and the entire institute program including all eight classes is $600.00. Participants enrolling in both the Tier One and Tier Two series, as well as the full eight-week institute are eligible for Summer Institute certificates and will receive a Homeland Security Human Factors 2022 Summer Institute t-shirt featuring our 'warrior-scholar' logo design in their requested size. Please call for special pricing for groups over 12 participants. The programs can be completed live, online, or by viewing the recorded presentations before September 15, 2022.  All major credit cards, as well as debit cards, are accepted for payment. 

Please allow 24-hours to receive a return email after you have registered.  T-shirts will be delivered in 2-3 weeks after registration. Thank you.




2022 Summer Institute T-Shirt